Articles published in 2019

24 Maggio 2019
DOI: 10.17470/NF-019-0006

The cardiometabolic risk: a new concept for old diseases

Giuseppe Derosa, Pamela Maffioli
Among the most important risk factors for cardiometabolic disease, hypertension, hypercholesterolaemia and diabetes mellitus play a main role; these chronic diseases are involved in creating huge health expenditure, with respect to both clinical–instrumental analysis and from a pharmacological point of view. An earlier stage of these diseases is the pre-risk (Fig. 1), a condition that, if not properly recognized and treated, can progress to the documented risk. We will talk about pre-hypertension, hypercholesterolaemia in primary prevention and dysglycaemia.
21 Maggio 2019
DOI: 10.17470/NF-019-0005

Bioavailability of menaquinone-7 in milk formulation. Comparison of different solubilization techniques

I. Cirilli, P. Orlando, S. Silvestri, F. Marcheggiani, L. Tiano
Menaquinone-7 (MK-7) is a type of vitamin K of fermentative origin that plays a key role in cardiovascular and bone health as a cofactor of gamma-glutamyl carboxylase enabling the activation of several vitamin K-dependent proteins, particularly at the extrahepatic level.

Despite its proven biological efficacy and outstanding bioavailability over other dietary menaquinones, its presence in food is marginal, especially in the Western diet.
16 Maggio 2019
DOI: 10.17470/NF-019-0004

A comparison of in-field fat mass evaluation techniques: a practical perspective

Alexander Bertuccioli (MD), Giorgia Vici (PhD), Roberto Ceci (Dr), Leonardo Cesanelli (Dr), Luca Belli (Dr), Valeria Polzonetti
Background: Nutritional status assessment of the individual is a key aspect in the monitoring of health status. In this context, body composition evaluation results are of fundamental importance. Several body composition techniques can be used depending on the information needed and the examined categories, and all the techniques are characterized by advantages and disadvantages. In this regard, this study aims to evaluate and compare the most commonly used techniques to evaluate body fat mass percentages in different situations.
16 Maggio 2019
DOI: 10.17470/NF-019-0003

Enterococcus as probiotics: what is the advantage?

A. Suvorov, E. Ermolenko, G. Alechina, A. Chernysh, A. Karaseva, F. Di Pierro
Enterococcus is a genus of lactic acid bacteria which normally colonize the intestines of mammals including humans [1]. Enterococci are among the first bacterial colonizers after birth and are able to proliferate in both the large and the small intestine. Enterococcus faecium and Enterococcus faecalis are the most common species of enterococcus found in human feces. However, enterococci can also cause serious infection including sepsis, pneumonia, ophthalmitis, nephritis and osteomyelitis, mainly as complications of various chronic conditions associated with intestinal dysbiosis such as cancer, AIDS or chronic renal failure.
9 Maggio 2019
DOI: 10.17470/NF-019-0002

Association of socioeconomic gradients with obesity in children

Mahsa Mohajeri, Ali Barzegar, Ali Nemati
Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the influence of socioeconomic status on the body mass index (BMI) of primary school children.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted with a sample of 280 children aged 6 to 11 years allocated to three groups based on BMI: underweight, ideal weight and overweight/obesity. Socioeconomic status was determined based on the responses of parents/caregivers to a specific form. Data analysis involved the employment of the Kruskal–Wallis, Mann–Whitney U and chi-square tests as well as simple and multiple linear regression analyses.
9 Maggio 2019
DOI: 10.17470/NF-019-0001

The protective effect of enterococcus faecium L-3 in experimental allergic encephalomyelitis in rats is dose-dependent

Irina Nikolaevna Abdurasulova, Anna Victorovna Matsulevich, Olga Vladimirovna Kirik, Elena Anatolievna Tarasova, Elena Igorevna Ermolenko, Dmitriy Eduardovich Korzevskii, Victor Matveevich Klimenko, Francesco Di Pierro, Alexander Nikolaevich Suvorov
Recent data demonstrate that disruption of the intestinal microbiocoenosis might be the cause of several neurological diseases, including multiple sclerosis (MS). MS is a chronic disease of the central nervous system, where the nervous tissue is damaged by the individual’s own immune system. The autoimmune character...